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AU, UN endorse new regional peace bid in DR Congo


By AGGREY MUTAMBO

The African Union and the United Nations have backed an japanese Africa initiative to convey peace to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), boosting probabilities for a neighborhood resolution to the battle.

Both the continental physique (AU) and the UN say they assist the most recent bid by the East African Community (EAC) to convey armed teams to dialogue with the federal government in Kinshasa, in addition to formation of a regional pressure to counter insurgent teams who will refuse to barter for a political resolution.

Moussa Faki Mahamat, the Chairperson of the AU Commission, mentioned on Tuesday he helps the initiative that got here out of the Second Heads of State Conclave on the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), in Nairobi, “particularly the decision to immediately deploy a regional force to restore peace and stability in the DRC.”

“Furthermore, the Chairperson welcomes the convened 1078th meeting of the AU Peace and Security Council of 19 April 2022 on the outcome of the 10th Regional Oversight Mechanism Summit held in February 2022 in Kinshasa…

“and reaffirms AU’s continued commitment, to the full implementation of the Peace, Security and Cooperation Framework Agreement for the DRC and the Region, as one of the guarantors of the Agreement,” he mentioned.

The Agreement is a 2013 doc signed by DRC and all its neighbours—Angola, Burundi, Central African Republic, Congo, Rwanda, South Africa, South Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia. They vowed to assist institutional rebuilding within the DRC, together with a decentralised however consolidated state authority, in addition to a promise to not harbour insurgent teams and struggle crimes suspects concerned in conflicts within the DRC.

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Most of that settlement has not been applied.

But final week, Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta, the present chairman of the EAC, hosted a gathering with leaders who vowed to “immediately” create a regional pressure to take care of all armed teams who refuse dialogue. The precise troop contributors weren’t instantly named.

But first, the assembly—attended by Presidents Kenyatta of Kenya, Yoweri Museveni of Uganda, Felix Tshisekedi of DRC and Evariste Ndayishimiye of Burundi, and Rwandan Foreign Minister Vincent Biruta who represented President Paul Kagame—agreed to have armed teams maintain dialogue with the federal government of DRC. Kenya supplied to facilitate the journey and keep of the armed teams’ representatives in Nairobi.

“Towards this end, the meeting directed that planning for such a force commence with immediate effect with the full consultation of relevant authorities in the region,” mentioned a joint communique issued after their assembly in Nairobi on Thursday.

“All armed groups in the DRC participate unconditionally in the political process to resolve their grievances. Failure to do so, all Congolese armed groups would be considered as negative forces and handled militarily by the region,” the communique mentioned.

On Saturday, Antonio Guterres, the UN Secretary General, mentioned the UN “fully supports the initiative by the east African Countries to bring peace in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo and the neighbouring countries.” He spoke following a cellphone name with President Kenyatta final week.

Although each side started talks on Saturday in Nairobi, there have been clashes between a faction of the M23 group and authorities forces (FARDC), resulting in the federal government to refuse dialogue with the group till they stop violence.

A dispatch from the assembly mentioned the federal government accused the M-23 rebels primarily based in Uganda or launching assaults in Bukasa, North Kivu.

“Consequently, the delegation revealed to the meeting that they have instructions to withdraw from any dialogue with the M-23 (Uganda).

“He nevertheless clarified the readiness to continue with the dialogue attended by other armed groups, other than the M-23 group based in Uganda. The allegations were quickly rebuffed by the representative of M-23 based in Uganda who in turn accused the Government of provocation,” a dispatch mentioned on Saturday.

At least 15 armed teams have been in dialogue with the federal government since final Friday. They embrace Gumino, Raia Mutomboki, FPDC, Twiraneho, UPSP and the three factions of the M23 group, which had earlier signed a peace take care of the federal government however which declare the deal was by no means honoured.

Nonetheless, the Kenyan authorities says gathering alone is an effective step.

“The goodwill and enthusiasm demonstrated during today’s deliberations will be given further impetus by the arrival of nine (9) more groups on 25th April 2022,” mentioned Macharia Kamau, Kenya’s Principal Secretary within the Foreign Affairs Ministry.

“There is big optimism that the parties to the dialogue will contour with the proven dedication and commitment and that guarantees progress towards a durable solution.”



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